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Conversion of Sunan Candlenut Oil to Aromatic Hydrocarbons with Hydrocracking Process Over Nano-HZSM-5 Catalyst

1Research Center for Chemistry, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN-Indonesia), South Tangerang 15314, Indonesia

2Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Sonan Bonang, East Java 62311, Indonesia

3Research Center for Mining Technology, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN-Indonesia), South Lampung 35361, Indonesia

4 Research Center for Agroindustry, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN-Indonesia), Cibinong Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor KM 46, Cibinong 16911, Indonesia

5 Research Center for Horticultural and Estate Crops, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN-Indonesia), Cibinong 16911, Indonesia

6 Department of Chemistry, University of Sriwijaya, South Sumatera 30662, Indonesia

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Received: 9 Jan 2024; Revised: 16 Feb 2024; Accepted: 16 Feb 2024; Available online: 24 Feb 2024; Published: 30 Apr 2024.
Editor(s): Istadi Istadi
Open Access Copyright (c) 2024 by Authors, Published by BCREC Group
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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Abstract

In this paper, the catalysts (Nano-HZSM-5 and Fe-La/nano HZSM-5) were prepared with incipient wetness impregnation and applied for hydrocracking of Sunan candlenut oil. The hydrocracking process was conducted in a batch reactor with a pressure of 20-30 bar H2 gas for 2 h under various temperatures. The results demonstrated that hydrocracking of Sunan candlenut oil using nano HZSM-5 and Fe-La/NHZ catalysts could be converted into aromatic hydrocarbons, and the reaction temperature affected hydrocarbon production. The aromatic compounds, such as propyl-benzene, 1-ethyl-3-methylbenzene, heptyl-benzene, 2-ethyl-naphthalene, etc., reached 35.51% over the Fe-La/NHZ_2 catalyst. In all cases, the zeolite-based catalysts are the most suitable to produce aromatic hydrocarbons. Metal impregnated (Fe and La) on nano HZSM-5 catalyst could improve the aromatics compounds due to increased metal and acid sites. Copyright © 2024 by Authors, Published by BCREC Publishing Group. This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0).

Keywords: Hydrocracking; nano HZSM-5; Fe-La/NHZ catalysts; Sunan candlenut oil; aromatics compounds
Funding: National Research and Innovation Agency-LPDP (RIIM batch 3, 2023) ; JASTIP-net Program from Japan (2023)

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